China Standard Universal Joint for Steering Column

Product Description

We are 1 of the leading of universal joint manufacturer in China. Our factory has developed and produced more than 1 hundred kinds of u-joints which used for Japanese, American and European vehicle, engineering machinery and heavy earth moving equipment, agricultural machinery. At present our products have been exported to U. S. A., Europe, South Asia and Africa and can been used for TOTOYA, HODA, ISUZU, MITSUBISHI, CATERPILLAR, CHINAMFG and so on vehicle and machinery. If you are interested in our products I’ll send the detail information or samples to you.


PART NO. D(mm) L (mm)
ZY571 13 38
ZY571 14 39.5
ZY1438 14 38
ZY1538 15 38.1
ZY1638 16 38.5
ZY1641 16 41
ZY1643 16 43
ZY1847 18 47
ZY1944 19 44
ZY2044 20 44
ZY2055 20 55

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Condition: New
Color: Natural Color
Certification: Ts16949
Structure: Single
Material: Alloy Steel
Type: Cold Forging
US$ 0.74/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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universal joint

How do you calculate the torque capacity of a universal joint?

Calculating the torque capacity of a universal joint involves considering various factors such as the joint’s design, material properties, and operating conditions. Here’s a detailed explanation:

The torque capacity of a universal joint is determined by several key parameters:

  1. Maximum Allowable Angle: The maximum allowable angle, often referred to as the “operating angle,” is the maximum angle at which the universal joint can operate without compromising its performance and integrity. It is typically specified by the manufacturer and depends on the joint’s design and construction.
  2. Design Factor: The design factor accounts for safety margins and variations in load conditions. It is a dimensionless factor typically ranging from 1.5 to 2.0, and it is multiplied by the calculated torque to ensure the joint can handle occasional peak loads or unexpected variations.
  3. Material Properties: The material properties of the universal joint’s components, such as the yokes, cross, and bearings, play a crucial role in determining its torque capacity. Factors such as the yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, and fatigue strength of the materials are considered in the calculations.
  4. Equivalent Torque: The equivalent torque is the torque value that represents the combined effect of the applied torque and the misalignment angle. It is calculated by multiplying the applied torque by a factor that accounts for the misalignment angle and the joint’s design characteristics. This factor is often provided in manufacturer specifications or can be determined through empirical testing.
  5. Torque Calculation: To calculate the torque capacity of a universal joint, the following formula can be used:
    Torque Capacity = (Equivalent Torque × Design Factor) / Safety Factor

    The safety factor is an additional multiplier applied to ensure a conservative and reliable design. The value of the safety factor depends on the specific application and industry standards but is typically in the range of 1.5 to 2.0.

It is important to note that calculating the torque capacity of a universal joint involves complex engineering considerations, and it is recommended to consult manufacturer specifications, guidelines, or engineering experts with experience in universal joint design for accurate and reliable calculations.

In summary, the torque capacity of a universal joint is calculated by considering the maximum allowable angle, applying a design factor, accounting for material properties, determining the equivalent torque, and applying a safety factor. Proper torque capacity calculations ensure that the universal joint can reliably handle the expected loads and misalignments in its intended application.

universal joint

Are universal joints suitable for both high-torque and high-speed applications?

Universal joints have certain limitations when it comes to high-torque and high-speed applications. Here’s a detailed explanation:

Universal joints are commonly used to transmit torque between non-aligned or angularly displaced shafts. They offer advantages in terms of flexibility and compactness. However, their suitability for high-torque and high-speed applications depends on several factors:

  • High-Torque Applications: Universal joints can handle high-torque applications to a certain extent. The torque capacity of a universal joint depends on factors such as the material strength, joint size, and design. In general, larger universal joints with stronger materials have higher torque ratings. However, when subjected to extremely high torques, universal joints may experience increased stress, accelerated wear, and potential failure. In such cases, alternative power transmission solutions like gearboxes or direct drives may be more suitable for handling high-torque applications.
  • High-Speed Applications: Universal joints may not be the ideal choice for high-speed applications. At high rotational speeds, universal joints can experience several challenges. These include increased vibration, imbalance, and decreased precision. The design characteristics of universal joints, such as the presence of backlash and variations in joint geometry, can become more pronounced at high speeds, leading to reduced performance and potential failure. In high-speed applications, alternative solutions like flexible couplings or constant velocity (CV) joints are often preferred due to their ability to provide smoother operation, improved balance, and constant velocity output.

It’s important to note that the specific torque and speed limitations of a universal joint can vary depending on factors such as the joint’s size, design, quality, and the application’s requirements. Manufacturers provide torque and speed ratings for their universal joints, and it’s crucial to adhere to these specifications for reliable and safe operation.

In summary, while universal joints can handle moderate torque and speed levels, they may not be suitable for extremely high-torque or high-speed applications. Understanding the limitations of universal joints and considering alternative power transmission solutions when necessary can help ensure optimal performance and reliability in different operating conditions.

universal joint

What industries commonly use universal joints?

Universal joints, also known as U-joints, are utilized in various industries where the transmission of rotary motion between misaligned shafts is required. Here are some of the industries that commonly use universal joints:

  • Automotive: The automotive industry extensively employs universal joints in vehicles. Universal joints are essential components in drivelines, connecting the transmission to the drive shaft and allowing power to be transmitted to the wheels. They accommodate the misalignment caused by the suspension system and enable smooth power transfer.
  • Industrial Manufacturing: Universal joints find widespread use in industrial manufacturing applications. They are employed in machinery and equipment such as conveyors, mixers, pumps, printing presses, and machine tools. Universal joints facilitate the transmission of motion at angles, enabling efficient operation and flexibility in various manufacturing processes.
  • Aerospace: The aerospace industry utilizes universal joints in aircraft and spacecraft systems. They are used in control mechanisms for movable surfaces such as wings, flaps, and rudders. Universal joints enable the transfer of motion and control inputs between different components, ensuring precise and reliable operation of aerospace systems.
  • Marine: Universal joints are commonly employed in the marine industry for various applications. They are used in propulsion systems to transmit power from the engine to the propeller shaft. Universal joints also find application in steering systems, allowing for the transfer of motion between the steering wheel and the rudder or outboard motor.
  • Agriculture: The agricultural industry relies on universal joints in various machinery and equipment used in farming operations. Tractors, combines, harvesters, and other agricultural machinery utilize universal joints to transmit power between different components, accommodating misalignment caused by the terrain and articulation requirements.
  • Construction and Heavy Equipment: Universal joints are commonly found in construction and heavy equipment. They are used in machinery such as cranes, excavators, loaders, and concrete mixers. Universal joints enable the transmission of power and motion between different parts of the equipment, accommodating misalignment and articulation required in construction and heavy-duty operations.
  • Railway: The railway industry relies on universal joints for various applications. They are used in drivetrain systems to transmit motion between different components, such as the engine, gearbox, and axles. Universal joints allow for smooth power transfer while accommodating the misalignment caused by the movement and suspension of trains.
  • Robotics and Automation: Universal joints are utilized in robotics and automation systems. They enable the transmission of motion between misaligned components in robotic arms, manipulators, and other automated systems. Universal joints provide flexibility and precise movement, allowing for efficient operation of robotic and automated processes.

These are just a few examples of the industries that commonly use universal joints. Their ability to transmit rotary motion between misaligned shafts makes them essential components in a wide range of applications, enabling efficient and reliable operation across various industries.

China Standard Universal Joint for Steering Column  China Standard Universal Joint for Steering Column
editor by CX 2024-04-30